Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus. The best way to prevent chickenpox is to get the chickenpox vaccine as most people who get the vaccine dont get chickenpox. If a vaccinated person does get chickenpox, it is usually milder with fewer blisters and little or no fever. The most common symptom of chickenpox is a rash that turns into itchy fluid-filled blisters and then scabs. The rash often shows up on the face chest and back first and then spreads to the rest of the body.
It usually takes about a week for the blisters to become scabs. Other chickenpox symptoms include A fever, Tiredness Loss of appetite and A headache If your child gets chickenpox, there are many ways to relieve his or her symptoms and prevent skin infections.
To care for chickenpox follow these tips from dermatologists Since chickenpox is contagious. Keep your child at home or limit their exposure to other people until all of the blisters have formed scabs and no new blisters develop Soak in colloidal oatmeal baths Available at your local drugstore colloidal. Oatmeal will help relieve some of the itch
Add the oatmeal under the faucet, while the tub is filling with lukewarm, not hot water After bathing apply, calamine lotion, petroleum jelly or another fragrance-free anti-itch lotion to your childs skin for additional relief Avoid over-the-counter topical antibiotics as they may cause an allergic reaction.
Relieve fever by using non-aspirin medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen
Do not use aspirin or products that contain aspirin with chickenpox
The use of aspirin in children with chickenpox has been associated with Reyes syndrome, a severe disease that affects the liver and brain and can cause death To relieve itchiness. Consider giving your child an over-the-counter oral antihistamine for children Always follow the directions on the label and use the correct dose. Keep your childs fingernails, trimmed short to help prevent skin infections caused by scratching the blisters For young children, put socks or mittens over their hands to prevent scratching.
For most people, including children, chickenpox clears on its own without treatment, However, see a pediatrician or board-certified dermatologist. If your child has trouble, breathing appears really ill or if any of the blisters appear to be infected.
To find a dermatologist in your area, visit aad.org..
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