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Translator, Muhammad Samir, Validator, Samar, Mohamed Alanazi Depression is the leading cause of disability in the world. In the United States, About 10 % of adults suffer from depression, But because it’s a mental illness, It is more difficult to understand than, for example, high cholesterol And one of the main sources of confusion is the difference between depression And just a feeling of depression. Almost everyone feels sad from time to time. Poor rating Loss of a job Get into an argument Or even a rainy day can bring a feeling of sadness. Sometimes there may be no reason at all. It just exists from nothing. After that circumstances, change And those sad feelings disappear.

Clinical depression is different, It is a medical defect And it won’t just disappear because you want it to disappear. It remains for at least two weeks at a time. It badly interferes with an individual’s ability to function And playing Or love. Depression has many symptoms. Bad mood, Loss of interest in the things you normally enjoy Change in appetite Feeling that you are useless or deeply guilty Sleeping for too long or too short periods Lost, focus, Inability to rest or even be very slow Energy loss Or repeated thoughts of suicide.

If you have at least five of these symptoms, According to psychiatric guidelines, You are undergoing a diagnosis of depression. It is also not just a behavioral symptom. Depression has physiological symptoms inside the brain. Firstly, There is a change that can be seen with the naked eye And by x-rays too. This includes shrinking the frontal lobes and the hippocampus, And precisely Depression is linked to a few things. Abnormal transmission or depletion of certain neurotransmitters, Especially serotonin norepinephrine and dopamine, Dysfunction of the biological clock Or changes in the different stages of your sleep And hormonal imbalance, High cortisol and irregular thyroid hormones, But neuroscientists do not have a complete picture. What causes depression?

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This appears to have a complex relationship between genes and their interaction with the environment, But we do not have a diagnostic tool. It can accurately determine when and where depression may arise And because the symptoms of depression are not material, It is difficult to know who may seem fine, but is in fact suffering.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, The average person can suffer from mental illness For a period of more than 10 years until he seeks help, But there is a very effective treatment. Both medications and therapy sessions help improve brain chemistry.

In some severe cases, electroconvulsive therapy, Which is similar to epilepsy, but under the control of the patient’s brain, Also very useful And other promising treatments Such as transcranial magnetic stimulation In the testing phase. So if you know someone suffering from depression, Gently encourage them to undergo one of these treatments. You can also offer to help you with a specific task Like searching for therapists in your area Or make a list of questions to ask the doctor.

For someone suffering from depression, These first steps seem difficult If they feel guilt or shame Explain to them that depression is a medical condition.

Like asthma or diabetes, It is not a weakness or a personality trait, And they must not assume that they will overcome it on their own, Just like their inability to recover on their own from a broken arm. If you never suffer from depression, Stop comparing it to the times you felt in a bad mood.

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Compare what a depressed person feels to a temporary normal feeling of sadness It may make the sufferer feel guilty about his condition. Even talking about depression naturally can help. For example, research shows that the question is about suicidal ideation, Indeed reduce the risk of suicide. Talking about mental illness in a natural way helps overcome stigma And it makes seeking help easier for patients And the greater the number of patients who accept treatment. The more scientists know about depression, Hence the treatment improves..

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